Summary

I served as a de­vel­op­ment econ­o­mist for 20 years with the United Nations in New York and Bangkok, Thailand. I rose to the lev­el of Director (D-1), and head­ed the Social Perspectives on Development Branch in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs un­til my re­tire­ment in 2011. In this ca­pac­i­ty I led the Branch’s work on pover­ty and em­ploy­ment — de­vel­op­ment is­sues that have de­fined my ma­jor con­tri­bu­tions as an econ­o­mist in the United Nations.  I helped es­tab­lish the Secretariat of the Youth Employment Network in 2001 and was, un­til my re­tire­ment from the United Nations, a mem­ber of its Steering Committee.

I al­so served on the United Nations Publications Board, the Board of the Committee for the Promotion and Advancement of Cooperatives (COPAC); the Organizing Committees for the International Year of Cooperatives (2012) and the International Year of Microcredit (2005); and the ad­vi­so­ry group to the Secretary-General’s Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development. I was al­so Secretary of the Executive Committee of Economic and Social Affairs, the pri­ma­ry co­or­di­na­tion body on eco­nom­ic and so­cial af­fairs with­in the United Nations Secretariat.  In recog­ni­tion of my con­tri­bu­tion to pover­ty is­sues in the United Nations, I was in­vit­ed to join the International Committee for October 17th which was es­tab­lished in 2008 to pro­mote and sup­port the United Nations International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. I was ap­point­ed President of the Committee in 2012.  In 2014, I was ap­point­ed to the Advisory Group on Education Diplomacy of the Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI). I am an ac­tive mem­ber of the United Nations Speakers Bureau at New York Headquarters.

Education

University of London      PhD (Economics), 1984 | MSc (Economics), 1973
University of Malaya       BEc (Hons) (Economics), 1972

Employment history

United Nations, 1991‑2011
Chief, Social Perspective on Development Branch, 2010-2011
Officer-in-Charge, Secretariat of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, 2010
Division for Social Policy and Development

Senior Economic Affairs Officer, 2007-2010
Office of the Under-Secretary General for Economic and Social Affairs

Secretary, Executive Committee for Economic and Social Affairs (ECESA), 2007-2010
Member, United Nations Publications Board, 2007-2011

Officer-in-Charge, Social Perspective on Development Branch, 2006-2007
Division for Social Policy and Development
Department of Social and Economic Affairs, New York

Senior Social Affairs Officer, 2000-2007
Division for Social Policy and Development
Department of Social and Economic Affairs, New York

Sustainable Development Officer, 1997-2000
Division for Sustainable Development
Department of Social and Economic Affairs, New York

Economic Affairs Officer, 1994‑1997
Development Research and Policy Analysis Division
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Bangkok

Transnational Corporations Affairs Officer, 1991‑1994 (Officer-in-charge)
UNCTAD/ESCAP Joint Unit on Transnational Corporations
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Bangkok

Deakin University, 1984‑1994
Faculty of Commerce, Victoria, Australia.
Deputy Dean, 1990 ° Senior Lecturer in Economics, 1989‑1994 ° Lecturer in Economics, 1984‑1988

University of Malaya, 1972‑1984
Faculty of Economics and Administration, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Lecturer in Economics, 1975‑1984 ° Tutor in Economics, 1972‑1975

Other work experience

Teaching/Course Development

  • Chulalongkorn University, 1995
    Faculty of Economics, Bangkok, Thailand. Visiting Professor, Masters Program in International Economics and Finance
  • University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, 1994 & 1996
    Graduate School of Business, Bangkok, Thailand. Visiting Professor, MBA Program in International Business
  • Association of Professional Engineers & Secretaries, 1989‑1991
    Melbourne, Australia. Course Writer, Lecturer and Examiner
  • Centre for Management Services, Deakin University, 1987‑1989
    Geelong, Australia. Director, Effective Manager Program
  • Cambridge University Higher School Certificate Examinations, 1975‑1981
    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Examiner and Team Leader
  • Tunku Abdul Rahman College, 1975‑1980
    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Lecturer in Economics (part‑time)

Guest Lectureships
Lectured ex­ten­sive­ly on staff train­ing pro­grammes and pro­fes­sion­al cours­es of var­i­ous in­sti­tu­tions, in­clud­ing: International Monetary Fund; Southeast Asian Association of Central Banks; Central Bank of Malaysia; National Institute of Public Administration, Malaysia; National Productivity Centre, Malaysia; The Armed Forces Staff Training College, Malaysia. I am cur­rent­ly on the speak­ers Bureau of the United Nations in New York.

Research
ESCAP/UNCTC Joint Unit on Transnational Corporations, Bangkok, 1989‑1990
Consultant Economist. Managed re­search projects on the role of transna­tion­al cor­po­ra­tions in the ser­vices and pri­ma­ry com­modi­ties sec­tors in the Asia‑Pacific re­gion. Developed the re­search de­sign for the project and draft­ed the terms of ref­er­ence for con­sul­tants.  Also re­viewed and edit­ed pa­pers for pub­li­ca­tion in the jour­nal of the Joint Unit.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, 1977‑1978 & 1987‑1988
Visiting Scholar. Invited as ex­pert on Malaysian eco­nom­ics to con­tribute to the re­search and ques­tion­naire de­sign for two con­sec­u­tive sur­veys un­der the Malaysian Family Life Project.

Consulting

  • Kelim Economic Consultants (Malaysia) Ltd., 1979‑1981. Director.
  • Open Learning Institute, Hong Kong, 1989. Educational Consultant.
  • Agricultural Research and Advisory Bureau, Malaysia, 1980. Consultant.
  • German Bank for Technical Cooperation, 1980. Consultant.
  • SGV‑Kassim Chan Management Consultants Ltd., Malaysia, 1979. Consultant

Scholarship

Books and Monographs

  1. Finance for Sustainable Development: Testing New Policy Approaches, United Nations, New York (2002). Edited by Juergen Holst, Donald Lee and Eric Olson.
  2. Economic Theory and Practice, Postgraduate Diploma in Management Study Guide, Association of Professional Engineers Australia, December 1988. With Pasquale Sgro. (re­vised in 1991).
  3. International Business Management, MBA Study Guide, School of Management, Deakin University, June 1987.  With sev­er­al oth­ers. (re­vised in 1990).
  4. Migration, Urbanization and Development in Malaysia, Country Report IV, Comparative Study on Migration, Urbanization and Development in the ESCAP Region, United Nations, New York, 1982.  Contributing au­thor. [Based on the pa­pers “Concepts and Sources of Data” and “Patterns of Migration” pre­pared for Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations, Bangkok, 1980.]
  5. Malaysia: Population and Development, National Family Planning Board, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1981.  Contributing au­thor. [Based on “Population Policies” and “Assessment of the Need to Adjust Population Policies and Population Policy Measures” pre­sent­ed at the Workshop on Population and Development, National Family Planning Board, Genting Highlands, Malaysia, 1981.]
  6. Study of Small Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurial Development Programmes in Malaysia, University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1979.  With P.L. Chee and M. Puthucheary. [Based on “An Interim Report on a Study of Entrepreneurial Development Programmes in Malaysia (An ADIPA Research Project),”  University of Malaya, January 1978.]

Chapters in Books

  1. “Youth Employment in Least Developed Countries: The Contribution of Sustainable Agriculture” in J. Ram Pillarisetti, Roger Lawrey and Azman (eds.) Multifunctional Agriculture, Ecology and Food Security: International Perspectives, Nova Publishers, New York, 2013.
  2. “Small Economies and Poverty Reduction: How Relevant is the MDG Poverty Target?” in J. Ram Pillarisetti, Joyce S. Y. Teo, Roger Lawry, Shamim A. Siddiqui, and Azman Ahmad (eds.) Small Economies and Global Economics, Nova Publishers, New York (2008).
  3. “Finance for Sustainable Development: Testing New Policy Approaches. Introduction,” in Juergen Holst, Donald Lee and Eric Olson (eds.) Finance for Sustainable Development: Testing New Policy Approaches, United Nations, Sales Publication No. E.02.II.A.2, New York (2002).
  4. “Regional Cooperation: A Malaysian Perspective,” in Shigeyuki Itow, ed, Possibilities and Prospects of Regional and Inter‑Regional, and Global Cooperation in the Asia‑Pacific Basin, (forth­com­ing). [Based on the pa­per “Regional Cooperation: The Malaysian View,” pre­sent­ed at a Workshop on Studies on Possibilities and Prospects of Regional and Inter‑Regional, and Global Cooperation in the Asia‑Pacific Basin, Kyushu Sangyo University, Fukuoka, Japan, November 1990.]
  5. “The Economic Environment of International Business,” in C. Selvarajah and K. Cutbush‑Sabine, eds, International Business for the Australian and New Zealand Reader, Longmans Cheshire (1990).  Contributing au­thor to the com­pan­ion Instructors’ Manual.
  6. “The Compatibility of Child Care with Labour Force Participation and Non‑Market Activities:  Preliminary Evidence from Malaysian Time Budget Data,” in M. Buvinic, M. Lycette and W. McGreevey, eds, Women and Poverty in the Third World, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1983.  With J. S. DaVanzo. [Based on the pa­per “The Compatibility of Child Care with Labour Force Participation and Non‑Market Activities:  Preliminary Evidence from Malaysian Time Budget Data,” pre­sent­ed at the Conference on Women in Poverty: What Do We Know?, International Centre for Research on Women, Belmont, U.S.A., 1978.]
  7. “The Case for Labour-Intensive Industries in Malaysia. Part I: The Manufacturing Sector,” in Rashid Amjad, ed, The Development of Labour Intensive Industry in ASEAN Countries, International Labour Organization, 1981.  With P. L. Chee and K. T. Foo. [Based on the pa­per “The Case for Labour‑Intensive Industries in Malaysia.  Part I: The Manufacturing Sector,” pre­sent­ed at the Seminar on ASEAN Comparative Study of the Development of Labour Intensive Industry, Asian Regional Team for Employment Promotion, International Labour Organization, Bangkok, 1980.  With P.L. Chee.]
  8. “Population Planning in Malaysia: Some Policy Considerations,” in K. C. Cheong et.al., eds, Malaysia: Some Contemporary Issues in Socio‑Economic Development, University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1979. [Based on the pa­per “Population Planning in Malaysia: Some Policy Considerations,” pre­sent­ed at the Annual Convention of the Malaysian Economic Association, Penang, Malaysia, 1976.]

Contribution to United Nations Publications

United Nations, 1994.  Transnational Technology to­wards the Year 2000 in the ESCAP Region, Monograph No. 1 (ST/ESCAP/1071) Supervised and edit­ed.
________, 1994. Transnational Corporations and Technology Transfer in Export Processing Zones and Science Parks, Monograph No. 2 (ST/ESCAP/1410) Supervised and edit­ed.
________, 1994. Transnational Corporations and the International Trade in Primary Commodities, Monograph No. 3 (ST/ESCAP/1413) Supervised and edit­ed.
________, 1995. Transnational Corporations and Selected Service Industries in Asia and the Pacific, Monograph No. 4 (ST/ESCAP/1536) Supervised and edit­ed.
________, 1995. Transnational Corporations and Backward Linkages in Asian Electronics Industries, Monograph No. 5 (ST/ESCAP/1528) Supervised and edit­ed.
________, 1995. Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific, Contributor; co­or­di­na­tor of chap­ter “Trade and bal­ance of pay­ments”.
________, 1996. Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific, Contributor; co­or­di­na­tor of chap­ter “Trade and bal­ance of pay­ments”.
________, 2001. Report on the World Social Situation, Contributor; co­or­di­na­tor of chap­ter “Disparities in in­comes and pover­ty”.
________, 2003. Report on the World Social Situation, Contributor.
________, 2003. Report on the World Social Situation, Contributor.
________, 2011. Report on the World Social Situation: The Global Social Crisis, Supervising Author.

UNCTAD, 1991. World Investment Report 1991 – The Triad in Foreign Direct Investment, (ST/CTC/118), Contributor.
________, 1992. World Investment Directory 1992:  Foreign Direct Investment, Legal Framework and Corporate Data, vol­ume I ‑ Asia and the Pacific, (ST/CTC/66), Contributor.
________, 1992. World Investment Report 1992:  Transnational Corporations as Engines of Growth, (ST/CTC/130), Contributor.
________, 1993. World Investment Report 1993 ‑ Transnational Corporations and Integrated International Production, (ST/CTC/156), Contributor.
________, 1994. World Investment Report 1994: Transnational Corporations, Employment and the Workplace, Contributor.

Publications, Research Papers and Reports

  1. “The Great Recession, jobs and so­cial crises: poli­cies mat­ter”, International Journal of Social Economics, Vol.40 No. 3, 2013, pp.220–245. With Anis Chowdhury and Iyanatul Islam.
  2. “Towards Halving Poverty by 2015,” The Social Development Review, Vol.5 No.1, March 2001.
  3. “Tourism Development in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic,” Discussion Paper 9, Department of Social and Economic Affairs, United Nations, New York, June 1999. With Sayo Yamauchi.
  4. “Book Review: John Smithin, Macroeconomic Policy and the Future of Capitalism: The Revenge of the Rentiers and the Threat to Prosperity,” Business and the Contemporary World, Vol.  IX(4), 1997, pp. 831-835.
  5. “Exporting Australian MBA Programs to Asia,” The Australian Extrapreneur International Business Review, Vol.3 No.1, 1992.  With David Lethbridge.
  6. “Regional Economic Cooperation: A Malaysian Perspective,”  Occasional Paper No. 117, Faculty of Commerce, Deakin University, August, 1991.
  7. “Underutilization of Human Resources in South-East Asian Economies: The Case of Women in Management,” Commentary, August, 1991.  With David Lethbridge.
  8. “Household Characteristics and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources,”  Economics Working Paper Series No. 9104, School of Management, Deakin University, July 1991.  With Binh Tran-Nam.
  9. “The Costs of Education: Results from a Survey of Households in Geelong, Victoria,” Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne, 1990.  With sev­er­al oth­ers.
  10. “The Cost of Children in Australia: Estimates of Direct Parental Expenditures on Children,” Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne, 1990.
  11. “Costs of Children: A BASIC Program for Estimating Expenditures on Children,” Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne, 1989.
  12. “A Preliminary Analysis of the Determinants of Earnings in the Geelong Workforce,” Occasional Paper No. 99, School of Management, Deakin University, December, 1987. With John Hicks and Philip Maxwell.
  13. Women and On-the-Job Training: An Inquiry in­to Female Employment and Work Experience in the Geelong Region, Women’s Bureau, Department of Employment and Industrial Relations, Canberra, 1987.  With John Hicks and Philip Maxwell.
  14. “Export Incentives, Manufactured Exports and Employment: Malaysia,”  Council for Asian Manpower Studies, Bangkok, 1982. With Mohamed Ariff.
  15. Review of Agricultural Prices, Taxes and Subsidies: Volumes I, II and III, Report to the Government of Malaysia, 1980. Collaborating au­thor.
  16. Review of Agricultural Prices, Taxes and Subsidies: Supplementary Study of Tobacco, Pineapple and Poultry, Report to the Government of Malaysia, 1980. Collaborating au­thor.
  17. “The Compatibility of Child Care with Labor Force Participation and Non-Market Activities:  Preliminary Evidence from Malaysian Time Budget Data,” rand Paper Series, P-6126, 1978.  With J.S. DaVanzo.
  18. “Agricultural Incentives: Comparative Advantage and Employment: The Malaysian Case,” Council for Asian Manpower Studies, Bangkok, 1978. With P.L. Chee and H.S. Khera.

Conference and Seminar Papers

  1. “Labour Markets: Challenges for Young People”, pa­per pre­sent­ed at the First Regional Forum on Youth: Security, Opportunity and Prosperity, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, 26-28 August 2002.
  2. “The Digital Future – Hope for the Poor?” pa­per pre­sent­ed at the International Policy Dialogue “Building Coalitions against Poverty”, The Development Policy Forum of the German Foundation for International Development, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the World Bank, Berlin, 6-7 December 2000.
  3. “Integration in­to the Global Market Economy: The Reality Facing Developing Countries”, pa­per pre­sent­ed at the con­fer­ence on “Integration in­to the Global Market Economy: Experiences and Lessons of Developing Countries”, Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Amity Foundation, Beijing, 14-15 August 1998.
  4. “Taiwanese Investment in Thailand: A Bilateral Analysis,” pa­per pre­sent­ed at the Seminar on “The Role of Thailand and Taiwan in Regional Economic Cooperation: Looking for a Boom?” Institute of East Asian Studies, Thammasat University, Bangkok, 1997.
  5. “The Multilateral Agreement on Investment: A Note on the Concerns of the ASEAN Countries,” pa­per pre­sent­ed at the UNU/UNITECH Workshop on “Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer and Export-Orientation in Developing Countries,” Maastricht, Netherlands, November, 1996.
  6. “Human Capital and Labor Market Segmentation in Sri Lanka,” Conference of Economists, Hobart, October 1991.  With C. Sepala.
  7. “Household Characteristics and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources,”  pre­sent­ed at the 66th Annual Conference of the Western Economic Association, Seattle, Washington, July 1991.  With Binh Tran-Nam.
  8. “The Cost of Education to Households in Geelong, Victoria: Results from a Pilot Survey,”  Fifth Biennial Conference, Australian Population Association, Melbourne University, November 2-5, 1990.  With Victoria Higgins.
  9. “Household Characteristics and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources,”  Fifth Biennial Conference, Australian Population Association, Melbourne University, November 2-5, 1990.  With Binh Tran-Nam.
  10. “Economic Development ver­sus the Environment?  An Assessment of the Potential Impact of Transnational Corporations up­on the Environment in Southeast Asian Economies,” 65th Annual Conference of the Western Economic Association, San Diego, July 1990.
  11. “Economic Development ver­sus the Environment?  The Impact of Transnational Corporations up­on the Environment in the Economies of Southeast Asia,” Southeast Asia Regional Consultation on People’s Participation in Environmentally Sustainable Development, Puncak Pass, Indonesia, 20-22 March 1990.  With Ragayah Hj Mat Zin.
  12. “Export-Led Industrialization and Employment Creation in Sri Lanka,” Conference of Economists, Adelaide, July 1989. With A. Sepala.
  13. “Female Labor Force Participation in Sri Lanka,” Conference of Economists, Adelaide, July 1989. With C. Sepala.
  14. “Estimates of Direct Expenditures on Children in Australia: Results from the Household Expenditure Survey, 1984,”  Cost of Children Seminar, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Canberra, October, 1988.
  15. “The Economic Cost of Children in Australian Families: Evidence from the Household Expenditure Survey 1984,”  Biennial Conference of the Australian Population Association, Brisbane, September 1988.
  16. “An Analysis of Male-Female Wage Differentials in Geelong, Victoria,” 1988 Australian Economic Congress, August 1988.  With P.A.R. Maxwell and J.R.L. Hicks.
  17. “Female Labor Force Participation in Malaysia,”  Research Seminar, rand Corporation, June 1988.
  18. “The Cost of Children in Australia,”  Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, April 1988.
  19. “The Cost of Children in Australia,”  Research Seminar, Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, July 1988.
  20. “The Education and Training of Women in the Geelong Workforce,” 16th Conference of Economists, Brisbane, September 1987.  With P.A.R. Maxwell and J.R.L. Hicks.
  21. “Women and On-the-job Training,” Seminar, Deakin University, June 1987. With P.A.R. Maxwell and J.R.L. Hicks.
  22. “Married Women in the Labor Force, Taxes and Fixed Costs of Working,” 62nd Annual Conference of the Western Economic Association, Vancouver, July, 1987.
  23. “The CES Utility Function, Non-Convex Budget Constraints and Labor Supply: Results on Female Participation and Hours in Malaysia,”  15th Conference of Economists, Monash University, August 1986.
  24. “Population Planning in Malaysia,”  Third Conference of the Population Association of Australia, Flinders University, Adelaide, December 1986.
  25. “Some Recent Theoretical Developments in the Study of Labor Supply Responses,” Research Forum, School of Management, Deakin University, June 1986.
  26. “A Model of Labor Force Participation with Taxation and Costs of Market Entry: Preliminary Evidence for Married Women in Malaysia,” Deakin University, May 1986.
  27. “Fixed Costs and the Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Malaysia,” Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Francisco, April 1986.
  28. “Desktop Publishing,” Research Seminar, School of Management, Deakin University, 1986.
  29. “Population Planning in Malaysia: Politics or Economics?” Research Forum, School of Management, Deakin University, October, 1985.
  30. “Population Policy and Development,”  Seminar on Population and Sectoral Development, University of Malaya/National Family Planning Board, Cameron Highlands, Malaysia, 1981.

Invited Papers

  1. “The Costs of Children in Australia: The Methodology,” Foster Care Principal Officers’ Association, Victoria, Melbourne, 27 February 1991.
  2. “The Costs and Benefits of Population Growth Through Planned Immigration,” Chinese Association of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.
  3. “The Economic Costs of Children in Malaysia: Theories, Concepts and Avenues for Research,” Workshop on the Economic Costs of Children, Bangkok, 1979.
  4. “Prices and Incomes Policy in Malaysia,” Economic Forum, Malaysian Trades Union Congress, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 1978.
  5. “The Informal Sector: A Glimpse of the Malaysian Experience,” ASEAN Seminar on the Informal Sector, Friedrich-Ebert Foundation, Djakarta, 1978.  In Proceedings of the ASEAN Seminar on the Informal Sector, Djakarta, 1978.  With A.G. Othman.
  6. “Taxation Policy in Malaysia,” Economic Forum,  Malaysian Trades Union Congress, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 1979.
  7. “Culture and Fertility: A Review of Research in Malaysia,” Working Group Meeting, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, Tokyo, 1980. With R. Talib.

Theses and Dissertations

  • Female Labor Supply in Malaysia, PhD the­sis, University College London, University of London, 1984.
  • The Motor Vehicle Assembling Industry in West Malaysia: Effective Protection and Economic Viability, University of Malaya, 1972. Dissertation in par­tial ful­fill­ment of the BEc de­gree.